Table of Contents
Who were the 24 defendants of the Nuremberg trials?
The prosecution entered indictments against 24 major war criminals and seven organizations – the leadership of the Nazi party, the Reich Cabinet, the Schutzstaffel (SS), Sicherheitsdienst (SD), the Gestapo, the Sturmabteilung (SA) and the “General Staff and High Command”, comprising several categories of senior …
Was there a Japanese war crimes trial?
The International Military Tribunal for the Far East (IMTFE), also known as the Tokyo Trial or the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal, was a military trial convened on April 29, 1946, to try the leaders of the Empire of Japan for joint conspiracy to start and wage war (categorized as “Class A” crimes), conventional war crimes ( …
Who was sentenced to death in the Nuremberg trials?
Ten prominent members of the political and military leadership of Nazi Germany were executed by hanging: Hans Frank, Wilhelm Frick, Alfred Jodl, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Wilhelm Keitel, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Alfred Rosenberg, Fritz Sauckel, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, and Julius Streicher.
How many soldiers did the Germany have in ww2?
13.6 million soldiers
What did the Red Army do to German civilians?
Geoffrey Roberts writes that the Red Army raped women in every country they passed through, but mostly in Austria and Germany: 000 rapes in Vienna, and “hundreds of thousands” of rapes in Germany.
Why did the Soviet Union turn on Germany?
According to historian Robert Service, Joseph Stalin was convinced that the overall military strength of the USSR was such that he had nothing to fear and anticipated an easy victory should Germany attack; moreover, Stalin believed that since the Germans were still fighting the British in the west, Hitler would be …
How many civilians did the Soviets kill?
19 million civilian
Why was Russia involved in ww2?
The Soviet Union signed a non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany on 23 August 1939. The invasion of Bukovina violated the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, as it went beyond the Soviet sphere of influence agreed with the Axis. On 22 June 1941, Hitler launched an invasion of the Soviet Union.
How many divisions did Russia have in ww2?
What does Russia call ww2?
The Great Patriotic War
Ten of them—Hans Frank, Wilhelm Frick, Julius Streicher, Alfred Rosenberg, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Fritz Sauckel, Alfred Jodl, Wilhelm Keitel, and Arthur Seyss-Inquart—were hanged on October 16, 1946.
What were the defendants at the Nuremberg Trials charged with?
The defendants, who included Nazi Party officials and high-ranking military officers along with German industrialists, lawyers and doctors, were indicted on such charges as crimes against peace and crimes against humanity. Nazi leader Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) committed suicide and was never brought to trial.
How many defendants were in the Nuremberg trials?
Who was tried at Nuremberg and how did they plea?
After the defeat of Germany, the Allies tried leading state and party officials and military commanders of the Third Reich before a tribunal of military judges from the Soviet Union, Great Britain, France, and the United States.
Which Belmont principle S was violated in the Tuskegee experiments?
The Tuskegee Study violated basic bioethical principles of respect for autonomy (participants were not fully informed in order to make autonomous decisions), nonmaleficence (participants were harmed, because treatment was withheld after it became the treatment of choice), and justice (only African Americans were …
Is the Belmont Report law?
Although never officially adopted by the US Congress or the Department of Health Education and Welfare (now Department of Health and Human Services), the Belmont Report has served as an ethical framework for protecting human subjects and its recommendations incorporated into other guidelines.
Why is the Belmont report significant to nursing research?
The IRB’s primary purpose is to review research protocols and protect patients from harm and ascertain that measures are taken to reduce risks. The Belmont Report serves as a guide for every research plan and provides important distinctions between research and practice.
Why was the Declaration of Helsinki created?
The World Medical Association has developed the Declaration of Helsinki as a statement of ethical principles to provide guidance to physicians and other participants in medical research involving human subjects. The physician’s knowledge and conscience are dedicated to the fulfillment of this duty.
In what way did the Declaration of Helsinki go beyond the Nuremberg Code?
The Declaration more specifically addressed clinical research, reflecting changes in medical practice from the term ‘Human Experimentation used in the Nuremberg Code. A notable change from the Nuremberg Code was a relaxation of the conditions of consent, which was ‘absolutely essential’ under Nuremberg.
What is the Declaration of Helsinki 1964?
Declaration of Helsinki, formal statement of ethical principles published by the World Medical Association (WMA) to guide the protection of human participants in medical research. The Declaration of Helsinki was adopted in 1964 by the 18th WMA General Assembly, at Helsinki.
What is informed consent in a clinical trial?
However, informed consent is first and foremost a continuing process. This includes a person voluntarily agreeing to participate in a research study after being fully informed about it via verbal discussion with study staff, followed by documentation in a written, signed, and dated informed consent form.