Which are the lines on a map that run in a north-south direction and measure distance east and west of the prime meridian?

Which are the lines on a map that run in a north-south direction and measure distance east and west of the prime meridian?

The term that refers to the markings on a map that run in a north and south direction and measure distance east and west of the prime meridian are lines of longitude.

What are the lines that measure North and South?

The imaginary lines circling the globe in an east-west direction are called the lines of latitude (or parallels, as they are parallel to the equator). They are used to measure distances north and south of the equator. The lines circling the globe in a north-south direction are called lines of longitude (or meridians).

What lines on a map are used to measure distance north and south of the equator?

Latitude is the measurement of distance north or south of the Equator. It is measured with 180 imaginary lines that form circles around the Earth east-west, parallel to the Equator. These lines are known as parallels.

Which lines run sideways and help you measure north and south on a map?

Latitude lines are a numerical way to measure how far north or south of the equator a place is located. The equator is the starting point for measuring latitude–that’s why it’s marked as 0 degrees latitude.

Is Latitude up or sideways?

Have students look at the U.S. map and find the lines running across and up and down the page. Tell students that the lines running across the page are lines of latitude, and the lines running up and down the page are lines of longitude. Latitude runs 0–90° north and south. Longitude runs 0–180° east and west.

How latitudes and longitudes are expressed?

Both longitude and latitude are angles measured with the center of the earth as an origin. A longitude is an angle from the prime merdian, measured to the east (longitudes to the west are negative). Latitudes measure an angle up from the equator (latitudes to the south are negative).

How many miles is it between two parallels 1 degree apart?

Each degree of latitude is approximately 69 miles (111 kilometers) apart. The range varies (due to the earth’s slightly ellipsoid shape) from 68.703 miles (110.567 km) at the equator to 69.407 (111.699 km) at the poles. This is convenient because each minute (1/60th of a degree) is approximately one [nautical] mile.

Why there are 181 latitudes and 360 longitudes?

Longitude lines pass through the north and south poles. If you stood above the earth and looked down on the north pole from above, you would see the complete circle of the equator. So longitude goes from zero to 360 degrees. Latitude lines are parallel to the equator which has latitude = zero degrees….

Who devised the lines of longitude and latitude?


Which is the reference line for measuring longitude?

prime meridian

What is the 0 longitude line called?

What is the imaginary line that the earth rotates around?


What are the three imaginary lines on our globe?

Equator, Hemispheres, Axis, and Directions The earth is divided into hemispheres by the equator. The earth rotates daily about its axis. The north and south poles are the two imaginary points where the axis would enter and exit from the earth if the axis were a pole or a line (see Fig. 1.9).

What are the two imaginary lines that divide the Earth?

The prime meridian, or 0 degrees longitude, and the International Date Line, 180 degrees longitude, divide the Earth into Eastern and Western hemispheres. Many geographers consider the 20 degree west line of longitude and the 160 degree east line of longitude as the Eastern and Western hemispheres.

What term is used for the imaginary horizontal lines on the earth?

Imaginary horizontal mapping lines on the Earth. They are known as “parallels” of latitude because they run parallel to the Equator.


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