What was the unanimous ruling in Brown v Board of Education?
On May 17, 1954, U.S. Supreme Court Justice Earl Warren delivered the unanimous ruling in the landmark civil rights case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas. State-sanctioned segregation of public schools was a violation of the 14th amendment and was therefore unconstitutional.
Why was it important that Brown was a unanimous opinion of the court?
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka was a landmark 1954 Supreme Court case in which the justices ruled unanimously that racial segregation of children in public schools was unconstitutional.
What were the background and circumstances of Plessy v Ferguson quizlet?
A case in which the Supreme Court ruled that segregated, “equal but separate” public accommodations for blacks and whites did not violate the 14th amendment. This ruling made segregation legal. Some railroad companies were on Plessy’s side because they paid too much to maintain separate cars.
What are some possible negative consequences of judicial activism quizlet?
Judicial activism challenges the power of the elected branches of government like Congress, damaging the rule of law and democracy. Judges overturning a law passed by Congress runs against the will of the people.
How does judicial activism affect the separation of powers?
The question of judicial activism is closely related to constitutional interpretation, statutory construction and separation of powers. Detractors of judicial activism argue that it usurps the power of elected branches of government or appointed agencies, damaging the rule of law and democracy.
What arguments does the book present in favor of and against judicial activism?
What arguments does the book present in favor of and against judicial activism? Arguments for judicial activism: Courts should correct injustices when other branches or state governments refuse to do so. Courts are the last resort for those without the power or influence to gain new laws.
What are the checks and balances of the judicial branch?
The judicial branch interprets laws, but the Senate in the legislative branch confirms the President’s nominations for judicial positions, and Congress can impeach any of those judges and remove them from office.