What was a result of the rise of the merchant class in Europe?
The Middle Ages brought the rise of the merchant class in Europe. The growth in trade went hand-in-hand with the growth of the town in which the trade occurred. During this time, town populations began to grow exponentially, new trade routes were formed and the ability to transport on water became highly advanced.
When did medicine become effective?
Modern medicine, or medicine as we know it, started to emerge after the Industrial Revolution in the 18th century. At this time, there was rapid growth in economic activity in Western Europe and the Americas.
Why was the theory of the four humours so popular?
The Theory of the Four Humours was an important development in medical knowledge which originated in the works of Aristotle. These Four Humours needed to remain balanced in order for people to remain healthy. The Four Humours were liquids within the body- blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile.
Is black bile real?
One is a natural black bile that is thick and cold, which, as one of the four humours, can only cause harm in large quantities. The other type is ‘diseased’ black bile that is not one of the four humours and is produced from the combustion of yellow bile. This kind of black bile always causes disease in the body.
What was Galen’s theory?
WHAT WERE GALEN’S THEORIES? Galen put forward the theory that illness was caused by an imbalance of the four humours: blood, phlegm, black bile and yellow bile. He recommended specific diets to help in the “cleansing of the putrefied juices” and often purging and bloodletting would be used.
What were galens ideas?
One of his ideas was that the brain, not the heart, controls speech and so proved this by publically dissecting a pig. He also developed the idea that the arteries (not the veins) carry blood around the body.
Is known as father of medicine?
Abstract. Hippocrates is considered to be the father of modern medicine because in his books, which are more than 70. He described in a scientific manner, many diseases and their treatment after detailed observation. He lived about 2400 years ago.