What trading networks existed in the Indian Ocean prior to Portuguese arrival?
The Indian Ocean trade routes connected Southeast Asia, India, Arabia, and East Africa, beginning at least as early as the third century BCE. This vast international web of routes linked all of those areas as well as East Asia (particularly China).
What was traded in the Indian Ocean trade?
These included Kilwa, Sofala, Mombasa, Malindi, and others. The city-states traded with inland kingdoms like Great Zimbabwe to obtain gold, ivory, and iron. These materials were then sold to places like India, Southeast Asia, and China. These were Africa’s exports in the Indian Ocean Trade.
How did the Portuguese change the Indian Ocean trade?
The Portuguese transformed maritime trade in Indian Ocean in the sixteenth century by taxing non-Portuguese ships that traded in the region.
How did trade in the Indian Ocean lead to cultural change?
Interactions among different peoples along trade routes led to syncretism, or blending, of religious and political ideas. The Srivijaya Empire, which controlled much of the Malay Archipelago in the Indian Ocean from the seventh to twelfth centuries, is a perfect example of this cultural blending.
How did the Chinese benefit from the Indian Ocean trade?
It would permit the Chinese to explore new areas and expand commercial and diplomatic relations. The grandeur of the fleet would dramatize the superior majesty and power of the Ming empire to peoples of distant lands, causing states of South and Southeast Asia to be incorporated into the tribute system.
What technological developments helped the Indian Ocean trade be successful?
What technological developments helped the Indian Ocean trade become successful? The ability to know direction with a compass and knowing your latitude with an astrolabe. Ships were also improved to be more stable.
What was the relationship between the rise of Srivijaya and the world of Indian Ocean commerce?
What is the relationship between the rise of Srivijaya and the world of Indian Ocean commerce? Srivijaya emerged from the intense competition between small ports along the Straits of Malacca, the critical choke point of Indian Ocean commerce.
What religion was the Srivijaya Empire?
Srivijaya was also a religious centre in the region. It adhered to Mahayana Buddhism and soon became the stopping point for Chinese Buddhist pilgrims on their way to India. The kings of Srivijaya even founded monasteries at Negapattam (now Nagappattinam) in southeastern India.
What lay behind the flourishing of Indian Ocean commerce between 500 1500?
What lay behind the flourishing of Indian Ocean commerce int he post classical millennium? Economically, Swahili cities provided commercial centers that accumulated goods from the interior of sub Saharan Africa and exchanged them for the products of the Indian Ocean trading network.
How did the Indian Ocean trade network differ from the Silk Roads?
The Silk Road route was predominantly on land and crossed water ways at the Mediterranean Sea while the Indian Ocean trade route moved predominantly on water (Indian Ocean) between ports. The products that went across both routes included silk and spices from the East and processed textiles from the West.
Why is the Silk Road compared to the Internet?
The Silk Road provided the principal thoroughfare for trade and the linkage between the cultures of East and West from 600 to 1200 AD. Like the Silk Road, the Internet provides an interconnected network for the transfer of goods, services, raw materials and finished products.
What region became the center fulcrum of the Indian Ocean commercial network?
Unit 3 – Trade
|What region became the center, or fulcrum, of the Indian Ocean commercial network? Why?||Indian because they had goods from the east and west.|
|Where was trading happeneing by 100CE?||Southeast Asia and all around the Indian Ocean as far as Egypt.|
Why did many merchants convert to Buddhism?
Why did Buddhism appeal to the merchants along the Silk Roads? It was for all people, not just Brahmin and higher castes. Merchants were lower to middle class at best. In China, it was the religion of foreign traders and rulers.
Why is Islam seen as the most influential of the new Third Wave civilizations?
Islam is seen as the most influential of the third-wave civilizations because it had already been prominent in the world between 600 and 1600. Why were political systems important for trade? Political systems were important for trade because they established many new states or empires.
What caused the Chinese to develop the frontier region south of the Yangzi River?
What caused the Chinese to develop the frontier region south of the Yangzi River? A new, drought-resistant strain of rice from Vietnam was introduced in China. Both were from mixed nomad and Chinese ancestry.
What cultural changes occurred in Korea in response to Chinese influence quizlet?
What cultural changes occurred in Korea in response to Chinese influence? The Chinese influence in Korea ruined the role of women in Korean culture. Women who were once allowed to raise her children in her parents’ home were frowned upon because due to the Confucian ideas, women belonged to her husband’s family.
How did the Chinese and their nomadic neighbors to the north view each other?
How did the Chinese and their nomadic neighbors of the north view each other? They both didn’t like each other, but they both needed each other to live in their civilizations and societies in the way they wanted. What assumptions underlay the tribute system?
Why would one country pay tribute to another?
Various ancient states exacted tribute from the rulers of land which the state conquered or otherwise threatened to conquer. In case of alliances, lesser parties may pay tribute to more powerful parties as a sign of allegiance and often in order to finance projects that would benefit both parties.
When was tributary system used?
The tributary system was the form for conducting diplomatic and trade relations with China before the fall of the Ch’ing dynasty in 1911. The system involved exchanges of gifts between foreign rulers and the Chinese emperor.