What important routes did the Ottoman Turks control?
As the Ottoman Empire expanded, it started gaining control of important trade routes. The capture of Constantinople (1453) to the Ottoman Turks was a key event. Along with their victory, they now had significant control of the Silk Road, which European countries used to trade with Asia.
What other kingdoms did the Ottoman Empire interact with?
The foreign relations of the Ottoman Empire were characterized by competition with the Persian Empire to the east, Russia to the north, and Austria to the west. The control over European minorities began to collapse after 1800, with Greece was the first to break free, followed by Serbia.
What trade routes did the Ottomans use?
The main areas of maritime activity were: the Aegean and Eastern Mediterranean (main trade: wheat); the Red Sea and Persian Gulf (main trade: spices); the Black Sea (main trade: wheat and lumber); and the Western Mediterranean.
What was the key difference between the Ottomans and the Safavids?
The Ottomans were Sunni Muslims. The Safavids were Shiite Muslims. Both empires had religious tolerance and accepted people of other religions. During sometime periods, people of religions other than Islam were taxed but political changes made by different rulers either ignored or abolished these taxes.
Was the Ottoman Empire Sunni or Shiite?
The Turkish-speaking Ottoman royal family, the administration it created, and the educational and cultural institutions it eventually favored were all Sunni Muslim. However, subordinate Christian and Jewish sects also coexisted with Islam, which enjoyed the support and favor of the state.
When was the Ottoman Empire at its strongest?
What increased the power of the Ottoman Empire?
Originating in Söğüt (near Bursa, Turkey), the Ottoman dynasty expanded its reign early on through extensive raiding. This was enabled by the decline of the Seljuq dynasty, the previous rulers of Anatolia, who were suffering defeat from Mongol invasion.
How many sultans are in the Ottoman?