What factors led to the success of the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan?
The sheer size of Cortés force, their firepower and the plague ravaging Tenochtitlán made victory inevitable for the Spaniards. The city was theirs in August 1521.
How did the Aztecs innovate to build Tenochtitlan?
The Aztec built their capital city, Tenochtitlan, on Lake Texcoco. Built on two islands, the area was extended using chinampas—small, artificial islands created above the waterline that were later consolidated. Tenochtitlan eventually reached an area of more than 13 square kilometers (five square miles).
What did the Aztecs build with?
In contrast to the large stone temples, Aztec homes were primarily built from wood logs that were interlinked. They may have also used mud bricks (adobe). The floor of the homes was usually just dirt or may have been made of stone.
What impressive feats of engineering did the Aztecs develop in order to build their capital?
The Aztecs used their engineering talents to control the flow of water, first by building a dike to hold back Lake Texcoco and then by creating an aqueduct to bring fresh water to the city of Tenochtitlan. They also built the artificial islands known as chinampas to create more famrland to help feed the huge city.
How long did it take to build an Aztec temple?
It took 20,000 workers 50 years to build the pyramid, constructed from huge stones fitted together without mortar.
Why did many of the Aztecs neighbors dislike them?
Other tribes had to pay tribute to them in the form of food, clothing, goods, and captives to feed the hungry Aztec gods. The Aztec believed in human sacrifice. That was one of the many reasons the other tribes hated and feared the Aztec. It was disease that conquered the Aztec.
What is the Mexican drink pulque?
Description. Pulque is a milk-colored, somewhat viscous liquid that produces a light foam. It is made by fermenting the sap of certain types of maguey (agave) plants. In contrast, mezcal is made from the cooked heart of certain agave plants, and tequila, a variety of mezcal, is made all or mostly from the blue agave.