What effect do price floors have on shortages and surpluses?
Price floors prevent a price from falling below a certain level. When a price floor is set above the equilibrium price, quantity supplied will exceed quantity demanded, and excess supply or surpluses will result.
How does price floor affect consumer surplus?
Consumer surplus always decreases when a binding price floor is instituted in a market above the equilibrium price. The total economic surplus equals the sum of the consumer and producer surpluses. Price helps define consumer surplus, but overall surplus is maximized when the price is pareto optimal, or at equilibrium.
What prices would result in a shortage?
A price below equilibrium creates a shortage. Quantity supplied (550) is less than quantity demanded (700). Or, to put it in words, the amount that producers want to sell is less than the amount that consumers want to buy. We call this a situation of excess demand (since Qd > Qs) or a shortage.
What does a shortage look like on a graph?
A shortage can also be shown on a graph; its size is the quantity gap between the demand curve and supply curve at a price below the equilibrium price. A surplus, also called excess supply, occurs when the supply of a good exceeds demand for that good at a specific price.
What can cause a surplus?
Budgetary surpluses occur when income earned exceeds expenses paid. A surplus results from a disconnect between supply and demand for a product, or when some people are willing to pay more for a product than other consumers. Typically, a surplus causes a market disequilibrium in the supply and demand of a product.
What happens when the government runs a budget surplus?
A surplus implies the government has extra funds. These funds can be allocated toward public debt, which reduces interest rates and helps the economy. A budget surplus can be used to reduce taxes, start new programs or fund existing programs such as Social Security or Medicare.
What is the difference between saving and financial surplus?
What is the difference between ‘saving’ and a ‘financial surplus’? Savings refer to money you put aside for future use rather than spending it immediately. While A surplus means that the budget is likely healthy, at least in the short-term, and in any case the government does not have to resort to borrowing.
What is a good rule of thumb for saving money?
A good rule of thumb is to have enough put aside in savings to cover 3 to 6 months of essential expenses. Think of emergency fund contributions as a regular bill every month, until there is enough built up. Setting aside 5% of monthly take-home pay can help with these “one-off” expenses.
Do stocks count as savings?
This makes sense in the short term; stocks can lose value, but the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) guarantees savings accounts. 1 However, the long-term answer is the exact opposite – it is much riskier to continue to sock money away into savings than it is to invest it.