What are the 2 main parts of the federal government?

What are the 2 main parts of the federal government?

How the U.S. Government Is Organized

  • Legislative—Makes laws (Congress, comprised of the House of Representatives and Senate)
  • Executive—Carries out laws (president, vice president, Cabinet, most federal agencies)
  • Judicial—Evaluates laws (Supreme Court and other courts)

What is one of the largest federal government employee categories?

As of September 2013, Department of Veteran Affairs has 337,683 (16.3%) federal employees in pay status; Department of Army has 261,029 (12.6%) federal employees; Department of Navy has 194,301 (9.4%) federal employees; Department of Homeland Security has 193,867 (9.4%) federal employees; and Department of Air Force …

Who is the largest federal employer?

The largest employers in the world include companies, militaries, and governments….Largest employers.

Employer U.S. Department of Defense
Employees 3.2 million
Year 2015
Country United States
References see initial

What are the top 5 expenditures for the federal government in 2020?

Fiscal 2020 spending has been dominated by health care, entitlements and the military, with the Health and Human Services Department ($1.3 trillion), Social Security Administration ($1.2 trillion) and Defense Department ($690 billion) the top-three spending agencies.

Where does the federal government spend its money?

The government spends money on: Social Security, Medicare, and other mandatory spending required by law. Interest on the debt–the total the government owes on all past borrowing. Discretionary spending, the amount Congress sets annually for all other programs and agencies.

What was the federal budget for 2020?

$4.79 trillion

What is the current federal deficit 2020?

$3.7 trillion

How is the US federal budget spent?

The U.S. Treasury divides all federal spending into three groups: mandatory spending, discretionary spending and interest on debt. Mandatory and discretionary spending account for more than ninety percent of all federal spending, and pay for all of the government services and programs on which we rely.

What does the US government spend the most money on?

As Figure A suggests, Social Security is the single largest mandatory spending item, taking up 38% or nearly $1,050 billion of the $2,736 billion total. The next largest expenditures are Medicare and Income Security, with the remaining amount going to Medicaid, Veterans Benefits, and other programs.

What percentage of the federal budget is welfare?

Safety net programs: About 8 percent of the federal budget in 2019, or $361 billion, supported programs that provide aid (other than health insurance or Social Security benefits) to individuals and families facing hardship.

How much does welfare cost the US per year?

How Much U.S. Spends on Welfare and Statistics Spread by Politicano

Category Cost 2018 billion$ Cost 2016 billion$
Social Security 987.8 916.1
Medicaid 597.4 565.4
Medicare 588.7 594.5
Other Welfare Programs 432.8 461.5

How much do entitlement programs cost the US?

Entitlements are the biggest government programs in the US. The biggest entitlement programs benefit seniors. In FY 2020 the Social Security program cost $1,095 billion. In FY 2020 the Medicare health-care program cost $776 billion.

What percent of US budget is defense?

15 percent


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