How were Herodotus and Thucydides similar or different in how they recorded history?
Herodotus has provided his systematic methods and vivid narratives, while Thucydides has contributed his objectivity and cautiousness to how western civilization interprets history.
How was Thucydides work different from previous historians?
One of the greatest ancient historians, Thucydides (c. 460 B.C.–c. Unlike his near-contemporary Herodotus (author of the other great ancient Greek history), Thucydides’ topic was his own time. He relied on the testimony of eyewitnesses and his own experiences as a general during the war.
How did Herodotus write history?
While he traveled, Herodotus collected what he called “autopsies,” or “personal inquiries”: He listened to myths and legends, recorded oral histories and made notes of the places and things that he saw. When Herodotus was not traveling, he returned to Athens; there, he became something of a celebrity.
What did Herodotus write about?
Regarded as the first true historian, Herodotus’ Histories are the first great prose work in European literature. His main theme was the struggle of Greece against the mighty Persian Empire in the Persian Wars, but he also provides an insight into the contemporary Mediterranean world.
Why is Herodotus so important?
Herodotus is undoubtedly the “Father of History.” Born in Halicarnassus in Ionia in the 5th century B.C., he wrote “The Histories.” In this text are found his “inquiries” which later became to modern scholars to mean “facts of history.” He is best known for recounting, very objectively, the Greco-Persian wars of the …
What did Herodotus believe?
Herodotus believes in divine retribution as a punishment of human impiety, arrogance, and cruelty, but his emphasis is always on human actions and character rather than on the interventions of the gods, in his descriptions of historical events.
Is Herodotus a bias?
Gathering research from his travels around Egypt, Africa, and Asia, Herodotus recorded his observations and interviews with locals in a thorough, consistent way. Because he exaggerated and fabricated some parts of The Histories, though, it can be hard to separate fact from fiction and truth from bias.
What sources did Herodotus use?
He knew the literature of his age: he quotes not only Homer, but also Hesiod, Sappho, Pindar, and Aeschylus. The latter was a playwright, and indeed, its seems that Herodotus sometimes used tragedies as sources.
Is Herodotus a primary source?
However, it does use “oral histories” as a primary source. This would include Herodotus, since his main source was oral tradition. Livy’s sources were much better than those of Herodotus. He actually had written materials to examine and not only oral tradtion.
Is the Nile still fertile?
The Nile Delta is the final stretch of the world’s longest river, a landscape of fertile soil, farms and a constellation of towns and cities where the river fans out and drains into the Mediterranean. Today, the river can barely supply the country’s water needs.
Is it safe to swim in the Nile?
The Nile River is the life blood of Egypt. It is the longest river in the world, flowing over 6,600 kilometres throughout Africa. We loved travelling along the Nile but would not recommend swimming in it (like we did) or you may get infected with a parasite called schistosomiasis.
Do crocodiles live in the Nile River?
Size and Habitat They live throughout sub-Saharan Africa, the Nile Basin, and Madagascar in rivers, freshwater marshes, and mangrove swamps.
Is there sharks in the Nile River?
After some research, we came up with a list of aquatic animals that we had no idea live in Egypt’s sacred river. There aren’t any great white sharks, as claimed by a 9-year-old expert on Wiki-answers. But it turns out there are more reptiles than just the famous Nile crocodile, as well as some pretty ferocious fish.