How did the Versailles Treaty affect the boundaries of Europe?
In the aftermath of World War 1, the Treaty of Versailles dictated the redistribution of the defeated European Nations. The Ottoman Empire was dissolved and divided, becoming multiple different nations that become territories of Britain and France. The bulk of the empire became Hungary.
What major changes were made to international borders in the Treaty of Versailles?
The treaty gave some German territories to neighbouring countries and placed other German territories under international supervision. In addition, Germany was stripped of its overseas colonies, its military capabilities were severely restricted, and it was required to pay war reparations to the Allied countries.
How did Europe borders change after ww1?
It redrew the world map and reshaped many borders in Europe. The collapse of the Russian Empire created Poland, the Baltics, and Finland. The Austro-Hungarian Empire dissolved into Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia. The German Empire became Germany, and Germany lost substantial territory outside Europe.
What were the long term effects of the Treaty of Versailles?
For a short term effect, the treaty devastated Germany socially, politically, economically, and deprived German citizens of their pride. In the longer term, the treaty became a precursor of the rise of Hitler and the World War II.
What were the final terms of the Treaty of Versailles?
The Treaty of Versailles held Germany responsible for starting the war and imposed harsh penalties in terms of loss of territory, massive reparations payments and demilitarization.
How much land did Germany lose due to the Treaty of Versailles?
In sum, Germany forfeited 13 percent of its European territory (more than 27,000 square miles) and one-tenth of its population (between 6.5 and 7 million people).
Why did the reservationists and the irreconcilables oppose the Treaty of Versailles?
Republican Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, the leader of the reservationists, had both personal and political reasons for opposing the treaty. Irreconcilables, who were completely against the Treaty of Versailles, wanted no part in the League of Nations, which might draw the nation into a new war.