How did smallpox affect the Incas?
In 1526, a smallpox epidemic, which was brought to the New World by Spanish settlers in Panama and Columbia, spread overland to the Inca Empire, killing the then emperor Huayna Capac and his son and heir, Ninan Cuyuchi. Many other Incas were killed as well.
What was an effect of the spread of smallpox throughout Mexico?
The devastating effects of smallpox in the New World It has been estimated that the population of Mexico fell from over 30 million people before the arrival of Cortés, to a mere 1.5-3 million by 1568. The destructive effects of the disease did not end there, and the disease also ravaged the great Incan Empire.
How many Aztecs were killed by smallpox?
The 1545 cocoliztli pestilence in what is today Mexico and part of Guatemala came just two decades after a smallpox epidemic killed an estimated 5-8 million people in the immediate wake of the Spanish arrival. A second outbreak from 1576 to 1578 killed half the remaining population.
Why did the Aztecs hold a festival called the new fire every 52 years?
The New Fire Ceremony was part of the “Binding of the Years” tradition among the Aztecs. The Binding of the Years occurred every 52 years, or every 18,980 days as a part of the combination of the two calendars. The fire then was taken all over the city to celebrate because the sun would return.
What caused Aztec civilization to fall in 1521?
Lacking food and ravaged by smallpox disease earlier introduced by one of the Spaniards, the Aztecs, now led by Cuauhtemoc, finally collapsed after 93 days of resistance on the fateful day of 13th of August, 1521 CE. Tenochtitlan was sacked and its monuments destroyed.
Where did the name Aztec come from?
The Aztecs are so called from Aztlán (“White Land”), an allusion to their origins, probably in northern Mexico. They were also called the Tenochca, from an eponymous ancestor, Tenoch, and the Mexica, probably from Metzliapán (“Moon Lake”), the mystical name for Lake Texcoco.