How did John Wycliffe translated the Bible?
Wycliffe advocated translation of the Bible into the common vernacular. Wycliffe’s involvement in such translation is disputed; however, according to tradition, Wycliffe is said to have completed a translation directly from the Vulgate into Middle English – a version now known as Wycliffe’s Bible.
What did John Wycliffe do to reform the church?
He was one of the forerunners of the Protestant Reformation. The politico-ecclesiastical theories that he developed required the church to give up its worldly possessions, and in 1378 he began a systematic attack on the beliefs and practices of the church.
Why did Wycliffe translate the Bible into English?
It was illegal to translate the Bible into local languages. John Wycliffe was an Oxford professor who believed that the teachings of the Bible were more important than the earthly clergy and the Pope. Wycliffe translated the Bible into English, as he believed that everyone should be able to understand it directly.
Why was Wycliffe declared heretic?
He disapproved of clerical celibacy, pilgrimages, the selling of indulgences and praying to saints. He thought the monasteries were corrupt and the immorality with which many clerics often behaved invalidated the sacraments they conducted.
What did Wycliffe argue?
John Wycliffe (1330-1384), a member of the faculty of Oxford University, was an early crusader for Christian reform in England. He argued that secular and ecclesiastical authorities were given earthly dominion in their respective spheres by the grace of God as understood through Scripture.
What did the lollards want to reform?
Lollardy, also known as Lollardism or the Lollard movement, was a Proto-Protestant Christian religious movement that existed from the mid-14th century until the 16th-century English Reformation. The Lollards’ demands were primarily for reform of Western Christianity.
What famous document did Martin Luther nail to a church door?
Five hundred years ago, on Oct. 31, 1517, the small-town monk Martin Luther marched up to the castle church in Wittenberg and nailed his 95 Theses to the door, thus lighting the flame of the Reformation — the split between the Catholic and Protestant churches.